The Smooth Green Snake is bright green with a white
belly. Hatchlings can be blue-gray to dark green in colour. It
can grow to 66 cm in total length.
There are no other solid green snakes within the Smooth
Green Snake's range in Canada.
The Smooth Green Snake is found from southeastern
Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia. It is absent from eastern Manitoba
and western Ontario. Outside of Canada, it is limited mainly to
the Great Lakes region and east. Some scattered populations occur
as far west as New Mexico.
The Smooth Green Snake is found in a variety of moist
habitats including wet prairies, meadows, marsh borders, and open
Mating occurs in spring or summer. Females lay from
3-11 cylindrical eggs in rotting logs, underground burrows, or even
under boards. The eggs hatch in 1-3 weeks, depending upon the
temperature. Hatchlings are 10-16 cm in length and grow quickly.
They can mature during their second year.
The Smooth Green Snake can climb shrubs or tall
grasses. Its colour provides an excellent camouflage in grass or
low shrubs. It eats a variety of invertebrates including
caterpillars, spiders and crickets. Possible predators include
other snakes, birds and mammals -- including housecats. It is
unclear how long the Smooth Green Snake can live in the wild, but
snakes caught as adults have lived for over 5 years in captivity.
It hibernates communally underground, often in very large groups,
with other species of snakes.
Like many snakes, the Smooth Green Snake, is attracted
to the warm surface of roads, particularly in the evening. Many
individuals are needlessly killed each year by cars. Nonetheless,
it is considered widespread and abundant in both Canada and the