Legal Protection for Amphibians and Reptiles
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A "..." means that part of
the original legislation has been omitted in order to keep the
focus on reptiles and amphibians. Only sections pertaining
directly or indirectly to reptiles and amphibians have been
If you are interested in other wildlife, do not
refer to this text as important sections have likely been omitted.
Otherwise the legislation is the original text in
order to prevent any possible complications due to a change of
Where a brief explanation was deemed necessary and
anywhere else we added words that do not appear in the original
Act the text has been italicized.
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The following text is excerpts which pertain to reptiles and
amphibians from the:
Regulation Respecting Animals in Captivity
An Act Respecting the Conservation and Development of Wildlife
Gazette Officielle du Quebec, July
22, 1992. Vol. 124, no. 31. Part 2. pp 3448-3458
(R.S.Q., c. C-61.1, ss. 42 and 68, and 3. 162 pars. 1, 5, 6, 7, 8 ,9
10, 14, 16, 22 and 23)
DIVISION I: APPLICATION
1. The following licences to keep animals in captivity may be
issued under this Regulation:
(1) a zoological garden licence;
(2) a wildlife observation centre licence;
(3) a wildlife rehabilitation centre licence;
(4) a licence to keep amphibians
(6) an animal broker's licence;
(7) a licence to keep animals for exhibition purposes.
DIVISION II: GENERAL OBLIGATIONS
2. Any person who keeps an animal in captivity shall:
(1) provide it with drinking water at all time and with food in
sufficient quantity and of sufficient quality to meet its
(2) keep it in a clean place;
(3) ensure that it has access at all times to a shelter tat meets the
needs of its species;
(4) ensure that it receives the required health care
3. Any person who kills an animal kept in captivity shall do
so using a method that causes instant death or that does not cause the
animal to suffer unnecessarily.
4. For the purposes of section 68 of the Act respecting
wildlife conservation and development
(1) the unharmed and live animals must be set free without delay
are those of any species;
(2) the wounded or dead animals of the species that must be declared
without delay to a wildlife conservation officer and must be delivered
to him for confiscation where the officer so requires are those listed
in Schedule V.
5. Any person who accidentally injures an animal, who finds
an injured animal or who, accidentally or in accordance with paragraph
1 of section 67 of the Act, captures an animal shall:
(1) let it remain free or set it free without delay;
(2) deliver it without delay to a wildlife conservation officer, to a
zoological garden, to a wildlife observation centre or a wildlife
rehabilitation centre or to the care of a veterinary surgeon.
He may also kill such animal if it is badly injured or if setting
it free would be dangerous for the animal or for others…
This section also applies to an animal of a species listed in
Schedule V that has not been confiscated by a wildlife conservation
DIVISION III: KEEPING OF ANIMALS WITHOUT A LICENCE
6. No licence is needed to keep in captivity, to capture for
the purpose of keeping in captivity or, where applicable, to dispose
of, on the one hand, eggs or tadpoles of the amphibians listed in
Schedule I or, on the other hand, not more than 10 animals of the
native species listed in Schedule I, including not more than 2
mudpuppies, 2 bullfrogs, 2 eastern newts, 2 common garter snakes…
7. No person may capture an animal of a native species
listed in Schedule I for the purpose of keeping it in captivity unless
he uses a method that does not injure the animal
Captures may be made at any time of the year, except in the case of
bullfrogs, northern leopard frogs and green frogs, which may be
captured only during the hunting season for those species.
8. No person may sell an animal of a native species listed
in Schedule I or the eggs or tadpoles of the amphibians listed
Notwithstanding the foregoing, such animal may be given away, set
free in the wild or killed.
9. No licence is needed to keep in captivity or, where
applicable, to dispose of an animal of an exotic species listed in
10. Any person who keeps in captivity an animal of an exotic
species listed in Schedule II may sell, give away or kill such animal.
It is prohibited to set such animal free in the wild, except for
(certain species of birds).
Where an animal referred to in the first paragraph is sold at
retail, the merchant must provide the purchaser with an information
sheet approved by the Minister of Recreation, Fish and Game and on
which he must indicate the name of the species, its normal adult size
and the conditions essential to its well-being.
15. A teaching institution or a research agency does not
need a licence to keep in captivity or, where applicable, dispose of
an animal of an exotic species or a native amphibian.
This section does not apply in respect of an animal of a threatened
or vulnerable species designated in the Act respecting threatened or
DIVISION IV: ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN
16. a zoological garden licence authorizes its holder to keep
native and exotic animals in captivity and to exhibit them to the
public for educational, recreational, scientific and touristic
DIVISION V: WILDLIFE OBSERVATION CENTRE
24. A wildlife observation centre licence authorizes its holder
to keep animals native to Quebec in captivity and to exhibit them to
the public for educational, recreational, scientific or touristic
purposes for at least 3 months per year.
DIVISION VI: WILDLIFE REHABILITATION CENTRE
32. A wildlife rehabilitation centre licence authorizes its
holder to keep in captivity, for rehabilitation purposes, injured or
orphaned animals of native species.
DIVISION VII: KEEPING OF AMPHIBIANS
40. A licence to keep amphibians authorizes its holder to
capture and to keep in captivity, for commercial purposes, the species
listed in Schedule IV.
DIVISION X: KEEPING ANIMALS IN CAPTIVITY FOR EXHIBITION
69. A licence to keep animals for exhibition purposes
authorizes its holder to keep in captivity, for exhibition purposes,
tame native or exotic animals other than those listed in Schedules I
On written request, the Minister shall issue a licence to keep
animals for exhibition purposes for a period not to exceed 30 days.
The licence is issued to an applicant free of charge and is not
SCHEDULE I: NATIVE SPECIES THAT MAY BE KEPT IN CAPTIVITY
WITHOUT A LICENCE
|Northern Leopard Frog
|Common garter snake
SCHEDULE II: EXOTIC SPECIES THAT MAY BE KEPT IN CAPTIVITY WITHOUT A
Reptiles Class - All species except:
Amphibians Class - All species.
SCHEDULE IV: NATIVE AMPHIBIANS THAT MAY BE KEPT FOR COMMERCIAL
|Northern Leopard Frog
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