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Canadian Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Network - Réseau 
  Canadien de Conservation des Amphibiens et des Reptiles

Legal Protection for Amphibians and Reptiles 
in Québéc

This page contains information on the:


PLEASE Note the following throughout this document :

  1. A "..." means that part of the original legislation has been omitted in order to keep the focus on reptiles and amphibians. Only sections pertaining directly or indirectly to reptiles and amphibians have been included

  2. If you are interested in other wildlife, do not refer to this text as important sections have likely been omitted.

  3. Otherwise the legislation is the original text in order to prevent any possible complications due to a change of wording.

  4. Where a brief explanation was deemed necessary and anywhere else we added words that do not appear in the original Act the text has been italicized.

  5. Other areas have been bolded to highlight important words

  6. Blue words and numbers are links, click on them to visit the website or location they describe

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Wildlife Regulations
The following text is excerpts which pertain to reptiles and amphibians from the:

Regulation Respecting Animals in Captivity
An Act Respecting the Conservation and Development of Wildlife

Gazette Officielle du Quebec, July 22, 1992. Vol. 124, no. 31. Part 2. pp 3448-3458
(R.S.Q., c. C-61.1, ss. 42 and 68, and 3. 162 pars. 1, 5, 6, 7, 8 ,9 10, 14, 16, 22 and 23)

DIVISION I: APPLICATION
1
. The following licences to keep animals in captivity may be issued under this Regulation:
(1) a zoological garden licence;
(2) a wildlife observation centre licence;
(3) a wildlife rehabilitation centre licence;
(4) a licence to keep amphibians
(6) an animal broker's licence;
(7) a licence to keep animals for exhibition purposes.

DIVISION II: GENERAL OBLIGATIONS
2. Any person who keeps an animal in captivity shall:

(1) provide it with drinking water at all time and with food in sufficient quantity and of sufficient quality to meet its physiological needs.
(2) keep it in a clean place;
(3) ensure that it has access at all times to a shelter tat meets the needs of its species;
(4) ensure that it receives the required health care

3. Any person who kills an animal kept in captivity shall do so using a method that causes instant death or that does not cause the animal to suffer unnecessarily.

4. For the purposes of section 68 of the Act respecting wildlife conservation and development

(1) the unharmed and live animals must be set free without delay are those of any species;
(2) the wounded or dead animals of the species that must be declared without delay to a wildlife conservation officer and must be delivered to him for confiscation where the officer so requires are those listed in Schedule V.

5. Any person who accidentally injures an animal, who finds an injured animal or who, accidentally or in accordance with paragraph 1 of section 67 of the Act, captures an animal shall:

(1) let it remain free or set it free without delay;
(2) deliver it without delay to a wildlife conservation officer, to a zoological garden, to a wildlife observation centre or a wildlife rehabilitation centre or to the care of a veterinary surgeon.

He may also kill such animal if it is badly injured or if setting it free would be dangerous for the animal or for others…

This section also applies to an animal of a species listed in Schedule V that has not been confiscated by a wildlife conservation officer.

DIVISION III: KEEPING OF ANIMALS WITHOUT A LICENCE
6. No licence is needed to keep in captivity, to capture for the purpose of keeping in captivity or, where applicable, to dispose of, on the one hand, eggs or tadpoles of the amphibians listed in Schedule I or, on the other hand, not more than 10 animals of the native species listed in Schedule I, including not more than 2 mudpuppies, 2 bullfrogs, 2 eastern newts, 2 common garter snakes…

7. No person may capture an animal of a native species listed in Schedule I for the purpose of keeping it in captivity unless he uses a method that does not injure the animal

Captures may be made at any time of the year, except in the case of bullfrogs, northern leopard frogs and green frogs, which may be captured only during the hunting season for those species.

8. No person may sell an animal of a native species listed in Schedule I or the eggs or tadpoles of the amphibians listed therein.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, such animal may be given away, set free in the wild or killed.

9. No licence is needed to keep in captivity or, where applicable, to dispose of an animal of an exotic species listed in Schedule II.

10. Any person who keeps in captivity an animal of an exotic species listed in Schedule II may sell, give away or kill such animal.

It is prohibited to set such animal free in the wild, except for (certain species of birds).

Where an animal referred to in the first paragraph is sold at retail, the merchant must provide the purchaser with an information sheet approved by the Minister of Recreation, Fish and Game and on which he must indicate the name of the species, its normal adult size and the conditions essential to its well-being.

15. A teaching institution or a research agency does not need a licence to keep in captivity or, where applicable, dispose of an animal of an exotic species or a native amphibian.

This section does not apply in respect of an animal of a threatened or vulnerable species designated in the Act respecting threatened or vulnerable species.

DIVISION IV: ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN
16. a zoological garden licence authorizes its holder to keep native and exotic animals in captivity and to exhibit them to the public for educational, recreational, scientific and touristic purposes.

DIVISION V: WILDLIFE OBSERVATION CENTRE
24. A wildlife observation centre licence authorizes its holder to keep animals native to Quebec in captivity and to exhibit them to the public for educational, recreational, scientific or touristic purposes for at least 3 months per year.

DIVISION VI: WILDLIFE REHABILITATION CENTRE

32. A wildlife rehabilitation centre licence authorizes its holder to keep in captivity, for rehabilitation purposes, injured or orphaned animals of native species.

DIVISION VII: KEEPING OF AMPHIBIANS
40. A licence to keep amphibians authorizes its holder to capture and to keep in captivity, for commercial purposes, the species listed in Schedule IV.

DIVISION X: KEEPING ANIMALS IN CAPTIVITY FOR EXHIBITION PURPOSES
69. A licence to keep animals for exhibition purposes authorizes its holder to keep in captivity, for exhibition purposes, tame native or exotic animals other than those listed in Schedules I and II.

On written request, the Minister shall issue a licence to keep animals for exhibition purposes for a period not to exceed 30 days.

The licence is issued to an applicant free of charge and is not renewable.

SCHEDULE I: NATIVE SPECIES THAT MAY BE KEPT IN CAPTIVITY WITHOUT A LICENCE

Amphibians Class

American Toad Bufo americanus
Wood Frog Rana sylvatica
Mink Frog Rana septentrionalis
Northern Leopard Frog  Rana pipiens
Green Frog Rana clamitans
Mudpuppy Necturus maculosus
Bullfrog Rana catesbeiana
Eastern Newt  Notophtalmus viridescens

Reptiles Class

Common garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis

SCHEDULE II: EXOTIC SPECIES THAT MAY BE KEPT IN CAPTIVITY WITHOUT A LICENCE

Reptiles Class - All species except:
Crocodiles
Poisonous lizards
Poisonous snakes
Sea turtles

Amphibians Class - All species.

SCHEDULE IV: NATIVE AMPHIBIANS THAT MAY BE KEPT FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES

Amphibians Class

Wood Frog Rana sylvatica
Mink Frog Rana septentrionalis
Northern Leopard Frog  Rana pipiens
Green Frog Rana clamitans
Bullfrog Rana catesbeiana

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