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Canadian Herpetological Society





Société d'herpétologie du Canada



Publications

Conservation Priorities Report | Status Reports | Other Publications

Conservation Priorities Report
Conservation Priorities of Amphibians and Reptiles in Canada by David Seburn and Carolyn Seburn, September 2000. This report was prepared for the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and CARCNET.

Status Reports - Call for Authors
Call for Authors
Species - reports needed: Amphibians | Reptiles
Contact information & how to sign up
Species already completed

Information and Call for Authors of Status Reports
COSEWIC is on the verge of having assessed all the species of amphibians and reptiles in Canada that have been suspected of possibly being at some level of risk in the country. For the amphibians, to date 26 species have been written up for COSEWIC in comprehensive status reports and a further three species status reports will be completed soon. These reports contain the some of best information available about these species in Canada today. It would be a shame if they could not be made more readily available and so we intend to publish them in a book.

However, 17 amphibian species and 9 reptile species are likely to remain without COSEWIC reports. These are the more common species in Canada which, by any accounting, appear not to be in any imminent danger of disappearing altogether. This does not mean, however, that they may not have suffered population declines or are not susceptible to pollutants or disease. Against all the many potentially imperiled species of plants and animals for which COSEWIC has, and will, commission status reports, these species do not rate a high enough priority for them to be assessed any time soon. But it would be extremely valuable nonetheless if all of Canada's amphibian and reptile species could be investigated and assessed. This would be the first complete and thorough status assessment of any country's herpetofauna and the first completed for any major taxon in Canada as well. With 64 of 90 species either already assessed or in line, the job is virtually 2/3 done.

Therefore, we ask for volunteers to write COSEWIC-style species status reports for the remaining 17 amphibian species and 9 reptile species in Canada. When completed in conformity to the prescribed format they can be brought forward to COSEWIC for an official assessment (Not at Risk, we hope) and can be incorporated into the proposed book.

Reports are needed on the following species:

AMPHIBIANS
Salamanders

  • Ambystoma laterale (Blue-spotted Salamander)
  • Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)
  • Aneides vagrans (Wandering Salamander)
  • Eurycea bislineata (Northern two-lined Salamander)
  • Notophthalmus viridescens (Red-spotted Newt)
  • Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)
  • Taricha granulosa (Rough-skinned Newt)

Anurans

  • Anaxyrus americanus (American Toad)
  • Hyla versicolor (Gray Treefrog)
  • Pseudacris regilla (Northern Pacific Treefrog)
  • Pseudacris crucifer (Spring peeper)
  • Pseudacris maculata (Boreal Chorus frog)
  • Lithobates catesbeiana (Bullfrog)
  • Lithobates clamitans melanota (Northern Green frog)
  • Lithobates septentrionalis (Mink Frog)
  • Lithobates sylvatica (Wood Frog)

REPTILES
Turtles

  • Chrysemys picta picta (Eastern Painted Turtle)
  • Chrysemys picta marginata (Midland Painted Turtle)

Snakes

  • Diadophis punctatus edwardsii (Northern Ring-necked Snake)
  • Opheodrys vernalis (Smooth Greensnake)
  • Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (Northern Red-bellied Snake)
  • Thamnophis elegans vagrans (Wandering Gartersnake)
  • Thamnophis radix (Prairie Gartersnake)
  • Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Gartersnake)- including
    T. s. fitchi (Valley Gartersnake)
    T. s. pallidulus (Maritime Gartersnake)
    T. s. parietalis (Red-sided Gartersnake)
    T. s. pickeringii (Puget Sound Gartersnake)
    T. s. sirtalis (Eastern Gartersnake)

For more information and to sign up to write a report on a species, contact

Dr. Kristiina Ovaska (Amphibians)
co-chair COSEWIC Amphibians and Reptiles Specialist Group
Biolinx Environmental Research Ltd.,
424 Viaduct Avenue
Victoria, BC
V9E 2B7
kovaska@shaw.ca
Dr. Ron Brooks (Reptiles)
co-chair COSEWIC Amphibians and Reptiles Specialist Group
Department of Zoology, University of Guelph,
Guelph, Ontario
N1G 2W1
rjbrooks@uoguelph.ca

Species already designated by COSEWIC or assigned for status reports

SpeciesPopulationStatus
Salamanders
Ambystoma gracile
(Northwestern Salamander)
BCNot at Risk
Ambystoma jeffersonianum
(Jefferson Salamander)
ONThreatened
Ambystoma macrodactylum
(Long-toed Salamander)
BC ABNot at Risk
Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum
(Blotched Tiger Salamander)
BC
AB
Endangered
Not at risk
Ambystoma mavortium diaboli
(Gray Tiger Salamander)
SK MB Not at Risk
Ambystoma texanum
(Small-mouthed Salamander)
ONEndangered
Ambystoma tigrinum
(Eastern Tiger Salamander)
ONExtirpated
Desmognathus fuscus
(Northern Dusky Salamander)
ON QC NBNot at risk
Desmognathus ochrophaeus
(Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander)
ON
QC
Endangered
Threatened
Dicamptodon tenebrosus
(Coastal Giant Salamander)
BCThreatened
Ensatina eschscholtzii oregonensis
(Oregon Ensatina)
BCNot at risk
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus
(Northern Spring Salamander)
ON, QCSpecial concern
Hemidactylium scutatum
(Four-toed Salamander)
ON QC NB NSNot at risk
Necturus maculosus maculosus
(Common Mudpuppy)
MB ON QCNot at risk
Plethodon idahoensis
(Coeur d'Alene Salamander)
BCSpecial concern
Plethodon vehiculum
(Western Red-backed Salamander)
BCNot at risk
Anurans
Acris blanchardi
(Blanchard's Cricket frog)
ONEndangered
Ascaphus montanus
(Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog)
BCEndangered
Ascaphus truei
(Coastal Tailed Frog)
BCSpecial Concern
Anaxyrus boreas boreas
(Boreal Toad)
YT NT BC ABSpecial concern
Anaxyrus cognatus
(Great Plains Toad)
AB SK MBSpecial concern
Anaxyrus fowleri
(Fowler's Toad)
ONThreatened
Anaxyrus hemiophrys
(Canadian Toad)
NT AB SK MBNot at risk
Hyla chrysoscelis
(Diploid or Cope's Gray Treefrog)
MBNot at risk
Lithobates palustris
(Pickerel frog)
ON QC NB NSNot at risk
Lithobates pipiens
(Northern Leopard frog)
BC
NT AB SK MB
ON QC NB NS NL
Endangered
Special concern
Not at risk
Pseudacris triseriata
(Western Chorus frog)
ON QC (Great Lakes / St. Lawrence)
ON (Carolinian)
Threatened
Not at risk
Rana aurora
(Red-legged frog)
BCSpecial concern
Rana luteiventris
(Columbia spotted frog)
YT BC ABNot at risk
Rana pretiosa
(Oregon Spotted Frog)
BCEndangered
Spea bombifrons
(Plains spadefoot)
AB SK MBNot at risk
Spea intermontana
(Great Basin Spadefoot)
BCThreatened
Turtles
Apalone spinifera spinifera
(Spiny Softshell)
ON QCThreatened
Actinemys marmorata
(Western Pond Turtle)
BCExtirpated
Caretta caretta
(Loggerhead Sea Turtle)
Atlantic & PacificReport in preparation (2009)
Chelydra serpentina serpentina
(Eastern Snapping Turtle)
SK MB ON QC NBSpecial Concern
Chrysemys picta belli
(Western Painted Turtle)
BC (Pacific coast)
BC (Intermountain/Rocky Mountain)
AB SK MB ON
Endangered
Special concern
Not at risk
Clemmys guttata
(Spotted Turtle)
ON QCEndangered
Dermochelys coriacea
(Leatherback Sea Turtle)
Atlantic, Pacific CoastsEndangered
Emydoidea blandingi
(Blanding's Turtle)
NS
ON QC
Endangered
Threatened
Glyptemys insculpta
(Wood Turtle)
ON QC NB NSThreatened
Graptemys geographica
(Northern Map Turtle)
ON QCSpecial concern
Sternotherus odoratus
(Eastern Musk Turtle)
ON QCThreatened
Terrapene carolina carolina
(Eastern Box Turtle)
ONData deficient
Lizards
Elgaria coerulea principis
(Northwestern Alligator Lizard)
BCNot at risk
Plestiodon fasciatus
(Common Five-lined Skink)
ON (Carolinian)
ON (Great Lakes / St. Lawrence)
Endangered
Special concern
Plestiodon septentrionalis septentrionalis
(Northern Prairie Skink)
MBEndangered
Plestiodon skiltonianus skiltonianus
(Skilton's Skink)
BCSpecial concern
Phrynosoma hernandesi
(Greater Short-horned Lizard)
AB SKEndangered
Phrynosoma douglasii
(Pygmy Short-horned Lizard)
BCExtirpated
Snakes
Charina bottae
(Northern Rubber Boa)
BCSpecial concern
Coluber constrictor foxii
(Blue Racer)
ON Endangered
Coluber constrictor flaviventris
(Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer)
SKThreatened
Coluber constrictor mormon
(Western Yellow-bellied Racer)
BCSpecial concern
Contia tenuis
(Sharp-tailed Snake)
BCEndangered
Crotalus horridus
(Timber Rattlesnake)
ONExtirpated
Crotalus oregonus oreganus
(Northern Pacific Rattlesnake)
BCThreatened
Crotalus viridis
(Prairie Rattlesnake)
AB SKReport in preparation (2009)
Heterodon nasicus
(Plains Hognose Snake)
AB SK MBReport in preparation (2009)
Heterodon platirhinos
(Eastern Hognose Snake)
ONThreatened
Hypsiglena chlorophaea deserticola
(Northern Desert Nightsnake)
BCEndangered
Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum
(Eastern Milksnake)
ON QCSpecial concern
Nerodia sipedon sipedon
(Common Watersnake)
ON, QC Not at risk
N. sipedon insularum
(Lake Erie Watersnake)
ONEndangered
Pantherophis gloydi
(Eastern Foxsnake)
ONEndangered
Pantherophis spiloides
(Gray Ratsnake)
ON (Carolinian)
ON (Great Lakes/St. Lawrence)
Endangered
Threatened
Pituophis catenifer catenifer
(Pacific Gophersnake)
BCExtirpated
Pituophis catenifer deserticola
(Great Basin Gophersnake)
BCThreatened
Pituophis catenifer sayi
(Bullsnake)
AB SKData Deficient
Regina septemvittata
(Queensnake)
ONThreatened
Sistrurus catenatus
(Eastern Massasauga)
ONThreatened
Storeria dekayi dekayi
(Northern Brownsnake)
ON QCNot at Risk
Thamnophis butleri
(Butler's Gartersnake)
ONThreatened
Thamnophis ordinoides
(Northwestern Gartersnake)
BCNot at Risk
Thamnophis sauritus septentrionalis
(Northern Ribbonsnake)
NS
ON
Threatened
Special Concern

Other DAPCAN/CARCNET/RÉCCAR Publications

Bishop, C. A. and K.E. Pettit (Eds). 1992. Canadian Amphibian Populations: Designing a National Monitoring Strategy. Canadian Wildlife Service, Occasional Paper No. 76. 120 p. Abstracts in English and French.

Green, D. M. (Ed.) 1997. Amphibians in Decline: Canadian Studies of a Global Problem. Herpetological Conservation Number One. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA. Abstracts in English and French.

Seburn, C.N.L. and C.A. Bishop (Eds). 2007.Ecology, conservation and status of reptiles in Canada. Herpetological Conservation, Vol. 2. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Salt Lake City, Utah