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Canadian Herpetological Society

Société d'herpétologie du Canada

Amphibians & Reptiles of Canada

Including subspecies, Canada is currently home to 49 amphibians and 54 reptiles
| Salamanders | Frogs & Toads | Turtles | Lizards | Snakes |

Click on photographs for more information about a species

Caudata - Salamanders
Proteidae | Ambystomatidae | Salamandridae | Plethodontidae
Proteidae - Mudpuppies
Necturus maculosus Necturus maculosus maculosus
Common Mudpuppy /
Necture tacheté
Ambystomatidae - Mole Salamanders
Ambystoma gracile Ambystoma gracile
Northwestern Salamander /
Salamandre foncée
Ambystoma jeffersonianum Ambystoma jeffersonianum
Jefferson Salamander /
Salamadre de Jefferson
Ambystoma laterale Ambystoma laterale
Blue-spotted Salamander /
Salamandre á pointes bleus
Ambystoma macrodactylum coumbianum Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum
Eastern Long-toed Salamander /
Salamandre à longs doigts à l'Est
Ambystoma macrodactylum krausei Ambystoma macrodactylum krausei
Northern Long-toed Salamander /
Salamandre à longs doigts du Nord
Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum
Western Long-toed Salamander /
Salamandre à longs doigts à l'Ouest
Ambystoma maculatum Ambystoma maculatum
Spotted Salamander /
Salamandre maculée
Ambystoma mavortium diaboli Ambystoma mavortium diaboli
Gray Tiger Salamander /
Salamandre tigré de Gray
Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum
Blotched Tiger Salamander /
Salamandre tigré à éclaboussures
Ambystoma texanum Ambystoma texanum
Small-mouthed Salamander /
Salamandre à nez court
Ambystoma tigrinum Ambystoma tigrinum
Eastern Tiger Salamander /
Salamandre tigrée de l'Est
Extirpated from Canada
Dicamptodon tenebrosus Dicamptodon tenebrosus
Coastal Giant Salamander/
Grand salamandre du Nord
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Salamandridae - Newts
Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens
Red-spotted Newt /
Triton vert
Taricha granulosa Taricha granulosa
Rough-skinned Newt /
Triton rugueux
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Plethodontidae - Lungless Salamanders
Aneides vagrans Aneides vagrans
Wandering Salamander /
Salamandre errant
Desmognathus fuscus Desmognathus fuscus
Northern Dusky Salamander /
Salamandre sombre du Nord
Desmognathus ochrophaeus Desmognathus ochrophaeus
Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander /
Salamandre sombre des Montagnes
Ensatina eschsholtzii oreonensis Ensatina eschscholtzii oregonensis
Oregon Ensatina /
Salamandre variable
Eurycea bislineata Eurycea bislineata
Northern Two-lined Salamander /
Salamandre à deux lignes du Nord
Gyrinophilus porphoryticus porphoryticus Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus
Northern Spring Salamander /
Salamandre pourpre
Hemidactylium scutatum Hemidactylium scutatum
Four-toed Salamander /
Salamandre à quatre doigts
Plethodon cinereus Plethodon cinereus
Eastern Red-backed Salamander /
Salamandre rayée
Plethodon idahoensis Plethodon idahoensis
Couer d'Alene Salamander /
Salamandre de Couer d'Alene
Plethodon vehiculum Plethodon vehiculum
Western Red-backed Salamander /
Salamandre à dos rayée
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Anura - Frogs & Toads
Leiopelmatidae | Scaphiopodidae | Hylidae | Bufonidae | Ranidae
Leiopelmatidae - Tailed Frogs
Ascaphus montanus Ascaphus montanus
Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog /
Grenouille-à-queue des Rocheuses
Ascaphus truei
Ascaphus truei
Coastal Tailed Frog /
Grenouille-à-queue côtière
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Scaphiopodidae - Spadefoot Toads
Spea bombifrons Spea bombifrons
Plains Spadefoot /
Crapaud des Plaines
Spea intermontanus Spea intermontanus
Great Basin Spadefoot /
Crapaud du Grand Bassin
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Bufonidae - True Toads
Anaxyrus americanus Anaxyrus americanus americanus
Eastern American Toad /
Crapaud d'Amérique
Anaxyrus boreas boreas Anaxyrus boreas boreas
Boreal Toad /
Crapaud de l'Ouest
Anaxyrus cognatus Anaxyrus cognatus
Great Plains Toad /
Crapaud des steppes
Anaxyrus fowleri Anaxyrus fowleri
Fowler's Toad /
Crapaud de Fowler
Anaxyrus hemiophrys Anaxyrus hemiophrys
Canadian Toad /
Crapaud du Canada
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Hylidae - Treefrogs
Acris blanchardi Acris blanchardi
Blanchard's Cricket Frog /
Rainette grillon de Blanchard
Hyla chrysoscelis Hyla chrysoscelis
Cope's Gray Treefrog /
Rainette criarde
Hyla versicolor Hyla versicolor
Gray Treefrog /
Rainette versicolore
Pseudacris crucifer Pseudacris crucifer
Spring Peeper /
Rainette crucifère
Pseudacris maculata Pseudacris maculata
Boreal Chorus Frog /
Rainette faux-grillon Boréale
Pseudacris regilla Pseudacris regilla
Northern Pacific Treefrog /
Rainette du Pacifique
Pseudacris triseriata Pseudacris triseriata
Western Chorus Frog /
Rainette faux-grillon de l'Ouest
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Ranidae - True Frogs
Lithobates catesbeianus Lithobates catesbeianus
American Bullfrog /
Lithobates clamitans melanota Lithobates clamitans melanota
Northern Green Frog /
Grenouille verte
Lithobates palustris Lithobates palustris
Pickerel Frog /
Grenouille des marais
Lithobates pipiens Lithobates pipiens
Northern Leopard Frog /
Grenouille léopard du Nord
Lithobates septentrionalis Lithobates septentrionalis
Mink Frog /
Grenouille du Nord
Lithobates sylvaticus Lithobates sylvaticus
Wood Frog /
Grenouille des Bois
Rana aurora Rana aurora
Northern Red-legged Frog /
Grenouille à pattes rouges du Nord
Rana luteiventris Rana luteiventris
Columbia Spotted Frog /
Grenouille maculée de Columbia
Rana pretiosa Rana pretiosa
Oregon Spotted Frog /
Grenouille maculée de l'Oregon
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Click on photographs for more information about a species
Testudines - Turtles
Chelydridae | Trionychidae | Kinosternidae | Emydidae | Dermochelyidae | Cheloniidae
Chelydridae - Snapping Turtles
Chelydra serpentina Chelydra serpentina serpentina
Eastern Snapping Turtle /
Tortue serpentine
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Trionychidae - Softshell Turtles
Apalone spinifera spinifera Apalone spinifera spinifera
Eastern Spiny Softshell /
Tortue molle à épines
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Kinosternidae - Mud & Musk Turtles
Sternotherus odoratus Sternotherus odoratus
Eastern Musk Turtle /
Tortue musquée
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Emydidae - Box & Water Turtles
Actinemys marmorata Actinemys marmorata
Western Pond Turtle /
Tortue de l'Ouest
Extirpated from Canada
Chrysemys picta bellii Chrysemys picta bellii
Western Painted Turtle /
Tortue peinte de l'Ouest
Chrysemys picta marginata Chrysemys picta marginata
Midland Painted Turtle /
Tortue peinte du Centre
Chrysemys picta picta Chrysemys picta picta
Eastern Painted Turtle /
Tortue peinte de l'Est
Clemmys guttata Clemmys guttata
Spotted Turtle /
Tortue ponctuée
Emydoidea blandingii Emydoidea blandingii
Blanding's Turtle /
Tortue mouchetée
Glyptemys insculpta Glyptemys insculpta
Wood Turtle /
Tortue des bois
Graptemys geographica Graptemys geographica
Northern Map Turtle /
Tortue géographique
Terrapene carolina carolina Terrapene carolina carolina
Eastern Box Turtle /
Tortue tabatière
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Dermochelyidae - Leatherback Turtle
Dermochelys coriacea Dermochelys coriacea
Leatherback Sea Turtle /
Tortue luth
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Cheloniidae - Sea Turtles
Caretta caretta Caretta caretta
Loggerhead Sea Turtle /
Chelonia mydas Chelonia mydas
Green Sea Turtle /
Tortue verte
Lepidochelys kempii Lepidochelys kempii
Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle /
Tortue bâtarde
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Squamata - Lizards
Anguidae | Lacertidae | Phrynosomatidae | Scincidae
Anguidae -Glass Lizards & Alligator Lizards
Elgaria coerulea principis Elgaria coerulea principis
Northwestern Alligator Lizard /
Lézard Alligator boréale de l'Ouest
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Lacertidae - Lacertid Lizards (introduced to North America)
Podacis muralis Podarcis muralis
Common Wall Lizard /
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Phrynosomatidae - Spiny Lizards
Phrynosoma douglasii Phrynosoma (Tapaja) douglasii
Pygmy Short-horned Lizard /
Iguane pygmée à cornes courtes
Extirpated from Canada
Phrynosoma hernandesi Phrynosoma (Tapaja) hernandesi
Greater Short-horned Lizard /
Grande Iguane à petites cornes
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Scincidae - Skinks
Plestiodon fasciatus Plestiodon fasciatus
Common Five-lined Skink /
Scinque pentaligne
Plestiodon septentrionalis septentrionalis Plestiodon septentrionalis septentrionalis
Northern Prairie Skink /
Scinque des Prairies
Plestiodon skiltonianus skiltonianus Plestiodon skiltonianus skiltonianus
Skilton's Skink /
Scinque de l'Ouest
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Squamata - Snakes
Boidae | Colubridae | Natricidae | Dipsadidae | Xenodontidae | Viperidae
Boidae - Boas
 Charina bottae Charina bottae
Northern Rubber Boa /
Boa caoutchouc
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Colubridae - Harmless Egg-laying Snakes
Coluber constrictor flaviventris Coluber constrictor flaviventris
Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer /
Couleuvre agile à ventre jaune de l'Est
Coluber constrictor foxii Coluber constrictor foxii
Blue Racer /
Couleuvre agile bleue
Coluber mormon Coluber mormon
Western Yellow-bellied Racer /
Couleuvre agile à ventre jaune de l'Ouest
Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum
Eastern Milksnake /
Couleuvre tachetée
Opheodrys vernalis Opheodrys vernalis
Smooth Greensnake /
Couleuvre verte
Pantherophis gloydi Pantherophis gloydi
Eastern Foxsnake /
Couleuvre fauve de l'Est
Pantherophis spiloides Pantherophis spiloides
Gray Ratsnake /
Couleuvre obscure
Pituophis catenifer catenifer Pituophis catenifer catenifer
Pacific Gophersnake /
Couleuvre à nez mince du Pacifique
Extirpated from Canada
Pituophis catenifer deserticola Pituophis catenifer deserticola
Great Basin Gophersnake /
Couleuvre à nez mince du Grand Bassin
Pituophis catenifer sayi Pituophis catenifer sayi
Bullsnake /
Couleuvre à nez mince des Prairies
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Natricidae - Harmless Live-bearing Snakes, formerly in Colubridae
Nerodia sipedon insularum Nerodia sipedon insularum
Lake Erie Watersnake /
Couleuvre d'eau du lac Érié
Nerodia sipedon sipedon Nerodia sipedon sipedon
Common Watersnake /
Couleuvre d'eau
Regina septemvittata Regina septemvittata
Queensnake /
Couleuvre à royale
Storeria dekayi Storeria dekayi dekayi
Northern Brownsnake /
Couleuvre brune du Nord
Storeria occipitomaculata Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata
Northern Red-bellied Snake /
Couleuvre à ventre rouge du Nord
Thamnophis butleri Thamnophis butleri
Butler's Gartersnake /
Couleuvre à petite tête
Thamnophis elegans vagrans Thamnophis elegans vagrans
Wandering Gartersnake /
Couleuvre de l'Ouest
Thamnophis ordinoides Thamnophis ordinoides
Northwestern Gartersnake /
Couleuvre du Nord-Ouest
Thamnophis radix Thamnophis radix
Plains Gartersnake /
Couleuvre des Plaines
Thamnophis sauritus septentrionalis Thamnophis sauritus septentrionalis
Northern Ribbonsnake /
Couleuvre mince du Nord
Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi
Valley Gartersnake /
Couleuvre rayée des Vallées
Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus
Maritime Gartersnake /
Couleuvre rayée des Maritimes
Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis
Red-sided Gartersnake /
Couleuvre rayée à flancs rouges
Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii
Puget Sound Gartersnake /
Couleuvre rayée de Puget Sound
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis
Eastern Gartersnake /
Couleuvre rayée de l'Est
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Dipsadidae - Slender Rear-fanged Snakes, formerly in Colubridae
Contia tenuis Contia tenuis
Sharp-tailed Snake /
Couleuvre à queue fine
Diadophis punctatus Diadophis punctatus edwardsii
Northern Ring-necked Snake /
Couleuvre à collier du Nord
Hypsiglena torquata Hypsiglena chlorophaea deserticola
Northern Desert Nightsnake /
Couleuvre nocturne
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Xenodontidae - Robust Rear-fanged Snakes, formerly in Colubridae
Heterodon nasicus Heterodon nasicus
Plains Hog-nosed Snake /
Couleuvre à nez retroussé
Heterodon platirhinos Heterodon platirhinos
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake /
Couleuvre à nez plat
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Viperidae - Rattlesnakes
Crotalus horridus Crotalus horridus
Timber Rattlesnake /
Crotale des bois
Extirpated from Canada
Crotalus oreganus Crotalus oreganus oreganus
Northern Pacific Rattlesnake /
Crotale de l'Ouest
Crotalus viridis Crotalus viridis
Prairie Rattlesnake /
Crotale des Prairies
Sistrurus catenatus Sistrurus catenatus catenatus
Eastern Massasauga /
Massasauga de l'Est