Western Red-backed Salamander / Salamandre à dos rayé
The Western Red-backed Salamander is a long slender dark brown or black salamander with a
red, yellow, green or tan stripe. This stripe is usually well defined and even-edged
although it is absent in some individuals. A few individuals lack the dark colouation
and are all red, yellow, green or tan. The belly has salt and pepper flecking.
The Eastern Red-backed Salamander is almost
identical but has black and white mottling on the belly rather than flecking. It is
restricted to eastern North America. The Coeur
d'Alene salamander is also very similar but has a scallop-edged stripe and a yellow
In Canada the Western Red-backed Salamander is found on Vancouver Island and the extreme
southwestern mainland of British Columbia. The distribution continues south along the
western edge of Oregon and Washington.
The Western Red-backed Salamander is found in a variety of moist habitats within its range
including rock slides, ravines, and forests. It ranges from near sea level up to 1,250 m.
Breeding occurs in November and December and eggs are laid in April or May. About 10
eggs are laid under cover on land. Hatchlings resemble the parents and mature in about
This is a terrestrial salamander that is commonly found under stones, logs and debris
on the forest floor. It lives below ground during dry periods in late summer.
This species is considered not at risk.