Coeur d'Alene Salamander / Salamadre de Coeur d'Alene
The Coeur d'Alene Salamander is black, tan, yellow or reddish with a scallop-edged tan,
yellowish or reddish stripe on the back. The stripe is absent in some individuals. It is
distinguished from other salamanders by the distinct
parotoid gland on top of the head
and the pale yellow throat. The legs are black. Adults may reach 12 cm including the
The Western Red-backed Salamander is very
similar but the stripe is well defined and not scallop-edged and it lacks the yellow
The Coeur d'Alene Salamander has a very limited distribution being restricted to two
sites in extreme southeastern British Columbia as well as small areas of northern
Idaho and Montana.
This species is found in mountain streamsides, talus slopes and forest litter in moist
coniferous forests up to 1,500 m.
Very little is known about its reproduction. Eggs are likely laid in damp sites on land and
tended by the female.
This terrestrial salamander is most active during spring rains and at night, although it is
rarely seen. Like many salamanders, actively searching for it can destroy its habitat.
The Coeur d'Alene Salamander has declined throughout its range in British Columbia and is
designated an endangered species in that province. Nationally it is designated Special
Concern by COSEWIC.