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Canadian Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Network - Réseau Canadien de 
Conservation des Amphibiens et des Reptiles

Plethodon idahoensis
Coeur d'Alene Salamander / Salamadre de Coeur d'Alene


Coeur d'Alene Salamander

Description
The Coeur d'Alene Salamander is black, tan, yellow or reddish with a scallop-edged tan, yellowish or reddish stripe on the back. The stripe is absent in some individuals. It is distinguished from other salamanders by the distinct parotoid gland on top of the head and the pale yellow throat. The legs are black. Adults may reach 12 cm including the tail.

Confusing Species
The Western Red-backed Salamander is very similar but the stripe is well defined and not scallop-edged and it lacks the yellow throat.

Distribution
The Coeur d'Alene Salamander has a very limited distribution being restricted to two sites in extreme southeastern British Columbia as well as small areas of northern Idaho and Montana.

Habitat
This species is found in mountain streamsides, talus slopes and forest litter in moist coniferous forests up to 1,500 m.

Reproduction
Very little is known about its reproduction. Eggs are likely laid in damp sites on land and tended by the female.

Natural History
This terrestrial salamander is most active during spring rains and at night, although it is rarely seen. Like many salamanders, actively searching for it can destroy its habitat.

Conservation Concerns
The Coeur d'Alene Salamander has declined throughout its range in British Columbia and is designated an endangered species in that province. Nationally it is designated Special Concern by COSEWIC.