Cope's Gray Treefrog / Rainette criarde
Cope's Gray Treefrog looks identical to the Gray
Treefrog. The two species can only be distinguished from each other by their calls.
They have rough, green, brown or gray skin with large darker blotches on the back. Like
many treefrogs, they have large toe-pads. The two species can be distinguished from other
frogs by the dark-edged light spot under the eyes and by bright yellow- orange colouration
under the thighs. Adults may reach 6 cm.
The call of
Cope's Gray Treefrog is a faster, higher pitched trill than the
Treefrog. It is similar to that of the
Eastern American Toad but is much shorter. It has more trill than that of a
Other treefrogs found in their range are the Spring
Peeper, Boreal Chorus Frog,
Western Chorus Frog and
Blanchard's Cricket Frog. The Spring Peeper has a large,
dark X on its back while the Chorus Frogs have three stripes down the back. The Eastern
Cricket Frog, limited only to Pelee Island in southern Ontario, has a dark triangle
between the eyes and less distinct markings on the back than the other three species.
In Canada, Cope's Gray Treefrog is found only in southeastern Manitoba and one site in
extreme western Ontario where it was recently discovered. The Gray Treefrog overlaps
that range and is found in southern Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick as well.It is also
found in the eastern half of the United States as far south as northern Florida and
These treefrogs may be found on trees and shrubs near permanent water. They prefer
mature or second growth woodlands although they may also inhabit orchards. They are
rarely seen outside the breeding season.
Breeding occurs in late spring and early summer. During the day they remain in trees
around the breeding pond. In the evening, males call from trees and shrubs but enter
the pond after finding a mate.Up to 2000 eggs are laid in small clusters of 10-40
attached to vegetation. Eggs hatch within five days and tadpoles metamorphose
40 - 60 days after hatching.
The Gray Treefrog is a tetraploid form of Cope's Gray Treefrog, which is to say
that it is genetically the same but has four copies of each chromosome instead of
the usual two copies. Cope's Gray Treefrog is a true tree frog; it can be found at
the top of even the tallest trees. Cope's Gray Treefrogs are sometimes found on the
walls outside a building where there is a light that attracts insects. They overwinter
under leaf litter and snow cover and can survive being frozen solid.
Neither species is believed to be declining.